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Project Fact Sheet for 00080605

Project / Programme Title
Enhancing Decentralization and Local Development in Mozambique
Brief Project Description
UNDP has been supporting the Government of Mozambique (GoM) in the area of local governance and decentralization for over 12 years. This has involved technical and financial support to district, provincial and central governments. In order to support the creation of the enabling environment in this area support was given in order to contribute to relevant stakeholder’s capacities strengthening for policy and regulatory framework development as well as for its implementation. Good practices such as decentralised and participative planning methodologies and the concept of district development funds introduced and pioneered by UNDP/UNCDF have subsequently been endorsed by the GOM are now being replicated and mainstreamed nationwide by the Ministry of Planning and Development (with ongoing UNDP support) through the National Programme for Decentralised Planning & Finance (NPDPF). Together with other successful initiatives this programme has influenced the current decentralization policy and regulatory scenario enabling therefore further progress in this area. Other UN agencies, including UNCDF, UNHABITAT, FAO, UNICEF, UNESCO, WHO, UNHCR, UN Women, UNAIDS among others had an engagement with decentralization and de-concentration as part of the strategy to support community involvement in country development and better service delivery at local level. The UNDAF 2012-2014, whose overarching goal is the reduction of poverty and disparities to improve the lives of the most vulnerable people in Mozambique includes, as one of its eight outcomes the UNDAF Outcome 6, that seeks the improvement of the provision of access and equitable use of quality essential services in order to ensure the improvement of the living condition of all vulnerable groups. For this to be achieved several outputs were developed with the involvement of all relevant UN agencies. This includes the outcome 8 that focus on the provision of coordinated, equitable and integrated services at decentralised level by the Government and civil society through both strengthening local government institutions and ensuring better engagement and participation by local populations in their own development. Also, for the achievement of the UNDAF results it is foreseen the improvement of coherence and synergies among relevant UN agencies by using each ones comparative advantages. UNDP’s leadership in the governance area is consensually recognized, and its comparative advantages both in policy and implementation acknowledged in the improvement of decentralization and local Development and governance processes. Other UN agencies can use the so far developed and implemented local governance frameworks for more effective mainstreaming of their activities. A constitutional amendment in 1996 introduced a dual system of local administration including the 128 existing rural district administrations and 33 elected urban municipalities , with a greater degree of administrative independence. Under the constitution, district governments, and provincial governments, remain under a system of administrative subordination to the central government in which senior officials (Provincial Governors, District Administrators, Permanent Secretaries and Provincial Directors) are appointed by, and are ultimately accountable to, central government. Nevertheless, administrative responsibility for an increasing number of government services was deconcentrated to the district level according to the model that UNDP and UNCDF have pioneered. The role and functions of provincial and district governments have, to some extent, been clarified under the 2003 Law on Local Organs of State (LOLE - Lei dos Órgãos Locais do Estado, 8/2003) and subsequent regulations (Decreto 11/2005) and been given some autonomy. LOLE defines “local administrative units of the State” (Ógãos Locais do Estado), as Localities, Administrative Posts, Districts and Provinces. LOLE, which to a large degree was inspired by UNDP/UNCDF’s experiences in the field of decentralised and participative planning, introduced some significant changes in the field of decentralization and local governance. For example, District Government was recognised for the first time as a legal entity, the designation of districts as planning and budgetary units, the recognition of district development plans as the foundation stones of the Mozambican planning system, the institutionalisation of community participation in local governance through a system of consultative councils (Conselhos Consultivos) and the functional reorganisation of provincial and district governments to be more service orientated. The Legislation for Public Financial Management (Lei do Sistema da Administração Financeira do Estado - or SISTAFE - Lei 09/02) together with LOLE provide the framework for decentralised planning and public financial management in Mozambique.. As a result of the government political commitment and consistent and long term donor support in the area of Decentralization and Local Governance, Ministry of State Administration has recently finalized a draft of a Decentralization Policy and Strategy setting out the Government’s vision for and approach to decentralisation for the foreseeable future. The Policy and Strategy is expected to be approved by the Council of Ministers before the end of 2011 and will be followed by the preparation of a National Decentralisation Plan in which some concrete actions and activities will be defined and sequenced. In addition to this and as a result of the increasing district implementing capacities, some Ministries (notably education, health and the water and roads sectors) have begun, since 2008, to decentralize competencies and resources to District Governments, albeit in a rather ad hoc and unsystematic way. During the last programming cycle, UNDP assisted the Government of Mozambique to improve service delivery through decentralisation and institutional restructuring by supporting the Ministry of State Administration (MAE) with its new and increased responsibilities at all levels. The project contributed to the drafting of the Law 8/2003 (LOLE) and its regulations (Decreto 11/2005); the functional analysis of the Ministry; the re-definition of structures and procedures of provincial and district level administrations, including district profiles; and the revision of the country's administrative division and dissemination of Law and regulations at provincial and district levels. The government, with strong support from partners including UNDP, has invested heavily in public sector reform and capacity building with the objective of improving efficiency, enhancing transparency, and gradually devolving responsibility from sector ministries to the provinces and districts. ICT4D approach was used in order to facilitate people’s involvement in the governance processes through the strengthening of the previously established CPRDs (Provincial Digital Resources Centres) and CMCs (Community Multimedia Centres). Lesson learned from these initiatives were fundamental in deciding to support the government’s capacity development at decentralized level. The relevance of this area and its acknowledged progress led to a substantive donor involvement that has been consistent over the last 10 years. For example in 2007 donors agreed in principle to create a common fund to support a National Decentralised Planning and Finance Programme which would upscale and mainstream UNDP’s methodologies and experiences in this field to all 128 districts. UNDP was asked to contribute financially and with its technical expertise and bring to the table the work of other UN agencies in the area of decentralization, by aligning itself with the planning, management and implementation arrangements for the National Programme. UNDP signalled its commitment to support the National Programme by signing an MoU with Government and 5 other development partners in May 2010 .
Donor
UNDP
Donor Agency / UN Agency
UNDP
Government Counterparts
Map
Map

Project Information

Project Status
Ongoing
Mozambican Project Number
Fonte de Recurso
23-UNDP
Actual Start - End
2012-01-01 / 2016-12-31
Planned Start - End
2012-01-01 / 2015-12-31
Date of Signature of MoU/Contract
n/a
National / Regional
National 
Type of Implementation
Multilateral 
Project Contact Person
Fatima Amade | +258 21 481 400 | fatima.amade@undp.org 
Project Internet Link
 
Comments
 

Funding Information

Aid Modality
Free standing technical Cooperation
Currency
USD
Type of Funding
Grant
On/Off Budget
On Budget
On/Off Treasury
Off Treasury
Funding Totals
Disbursements
0 EUR
Commitments
114,000,000 EUR
Undisbursed
114,000,000 EUR
Historic Funding
Disbursements
0 EUR
Commitments
0 EUR
Funding 2012
Disbursements
0 EUR
Commitments
108,000,000 EUR
Disbursements 1st Quarter
0 EUR
Disbursements 2nd Quarter
0 EUR
Disbursements 3rd Quarter
0 EUR
Disbursements 4th Quarter
0 EUR
Funding Forecast 2012
Disbursements
0 EUR
Commitments
108,000,000 EUR
Funding Forecast 2013
Disbursements
0 EUR
Commitments
159,600,000 EUR
Funding Forecast 2014
Disbursements
0 EUR
Commitments
684,570,000 EUR
Co-Funding
United States of America: 0 EUR

Classification

Channel of Delivery
  • MPD
  • NGO's
  • Provincial Directorate of Cabo Delgado
Sectors
100.0%
15100 Government And Civil Society, General
15140 Government administration
MDGs
  • Not Applicable
Focal Regions
Cabo Delgado
50.0%
  • All districts
Nampula
50.0%
  • All districts